Indonesian traditional music instruments: Angklung
Angklung is a musical instrument from West Java. Angklung gubrag in Jasinga, Bogor, is one that is still alive after more than 400 years ago. Appearance originated from rice rites. Angklung created and played to lure Dewi Sri down to Earth for the people of the rice plant thrives.
Known by the Sundanese community since the time of the Sunda kingdom, of which as motivator spirit in battle. Angklung function as pumping continues to feel the spirit of the people still come to the colonial period, that’s why the Dutch East Indies government had banned the use angklung, the ban could make angklung popularity declined and only played by children at that time.
The origin of the creation of bamboo music, such as angklung based view of the agrarian life of Sundanese people with a source of life of paddy (pare) as a staple food. This gave rise to the myth of trust in Nyai Sri Pohaci as a symbol of Goddess of Rice giver of life (breathe-Hurip).
Reflection of Sundanese people formerly in agricultural processing (tatanen) especially in the fields and shifting cultivation has spawned the creation of poetry and song as a tribute and offerings to Sri Pohaci Nyai, and the efforts “nyinglar” (starting reinforcements) for suitable planting them not to invite catastrophe, both pests and disasters Other natural. Buhun song lyric in honor of Sri Pohaci Nyi, for example:
Furthermore, the songs offerings to Dewi Sri is accompanied by the sound of percussion accompaniment made from bamboo poles that simple packed structures which then was born the bamboo musical instrument we know today named angklung. Subsequent developments in the game Angklung tradition accompanied by elements of motion and Ibing (dance) that rhythmic (air-wirahma) with patterns and rules = rules in accordance with the needs of the memorial on time paraded rice paddy to the barn (ngampih pare, nginebkeun), also at times mitembeyan, began planting rice in some places in West Java called ngaseuk.
Similarly, when the harvest festival dedicated to the game and seren taun angklung. Especially at the presentation ceremony Angklung related to rice, it becomes a performance art that are the parade or helaran, even in some places into the convoy Rengkong and Dongdang and Jampana (stretcher food) and so forth.
In its development, angklung grow and spread all over Java, then to Kalimantan and Sumatra. In 1908 recorded a cultural mission from Indonesia to Thailand, among others, marked the transfer angklung and bamboo music of this game also had spread there.
In fact, since 1966, Udjo Ngalagena angklung figures who developed the technique based on barrel-barrel game pelog, salendro, and madenda-start teaching how to play angklung to many people from various communities.